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Teaching the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

2023 marks the 100 year anniversary of the introduction of the Equal Rights Amendment into Congress. The original ERA was written by Alice Paul and Crystal Eastman. It was first announced in Seneca Falls in July 1923. Teaching the ERA in a history or civics course can be an excellent way to cover feminist political history, constitutionalism, the raficiation process and the conservative women's movement. The following resources are recommended for anyone interested in learning more about the history of the Equal Rights Amendment.


Type of Resource


website, includes primary sources

Alice Paul worked for the ratification of the ERA from 1923 until she died in 1977

Website, including primar sources

Zoe Nicholson is a historian specializing in the history of Alice Paul. Her website includes her first hand account of the 1982 fast for the ERA in Illinois

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